The small group of investment bankers who had gained financial control of the company no longer could ignore the deteriorating state of affairs. And so it was that they went hat in hand to the man they had spurned 20 years before year-old Theodore Newton Vail to beg him to take over the company from which he had sadly resigned in At an age when most men are thinking about retirement, Vail was persuaded to come back to the company he loved to breathe new life into it: It was a time of overexpansion and reckless speculation and an ominously sagging stock market. But even more ominous to America’s top business leaders was the attitude of the public and some of its elected officials toward large business enterprises. In various state capitols, governors and legislators were deliberating over the creation of public service commissions. And on the city level, the hue and cry was for municipal ownership of the utilities.
Egypt Ancient, Hieroglyphics
Mesoamerican writing systems A stone slab with 3, year-old writing, the Cascajal Block , was discovered in the Mexican state of Veracruz, and is an example of the oldest script in the Western Hemisphere, preceding the oldest Zapotec writing dated to about BC. The earliest inscriptions which are identifiably Maya date to the 3rd century BC, and writing was in continuous use until shortly after the arrival of the Spanish conquistadores in the 16th century AD.
Maya writing used logograms complemented by a set of syllabic glyphs: Iron Age writing[ edit ] Cippus Perusinus , Etruscan writing near Perugia , Italy , the precursor of the Latin alphabet The sculpture depicts a scene where three soothsayers are interpreting to King Suddhodana the dream of Queen Maya , mother of Gautama Buddha.
The history of information technology is not such a field. From the viewpoint of historians it is more like Chicago in the mid-nineteenth century (Cronon, ).
Continue reading the main story FACTORY REJECTS Retirement came in very handy in the United States, where large numbers of aging factory workers were wandering around the Industrial Revolution, dropping things into the works, slowing down assembly lines, taking too many personal days and usurping the places of younger, more productive men with families to support.
It was one thing when an occasional superannuated farmer leaned on his hoe in an agrarian culture — a few bales of hay more or less didn’t matter. But it was quite another when lots of old people caused great unemployment among younger workers by refusing to retire. The Great Depression made the situation even worse. It was a Darwinian sacrificial moment. Retirement was a necessary adaptation and everybody knew it, but the old guys were not going quietly.
The toughest among them refused to quit, even when plant managers turned up the conveyor belts to Chaplinesque speeds. A Californian, Francis Townsend, initiated a popular movement by proposing mandatory retirement at age Horrified at the prospect of Townsend’s radical generosity, President Franklin D. Roosevelt proposed the Social Security Act of , which made workers pay for their own old-age insurance.
Sit in a rocking chair?
Imperial Dating System
How accurate are carbon-dating methods? All methods of radioactive dating rely on three assumptions that may not necessarily be true: Rate of Decay It is assumed that the rate of decay has remained constant over time.
Apr 17, · History of Relationship Statement Hi All – I’m an Australian and we are doing the spouse visa application for my husband. We and are a bit stuck with what is meant by how we support each other physically in the history of relationship statement.
Universities, research institutes, government bodies and computer companies all began using the powerful UNIX system to develop many of the technologies which today are part of a UNIX system. Most telephone calls could not be made, electronic commerce would grind to a halt and there would have never been “Jurassic Park”! By the late ‘s, a ripple effect had come into play. By now the under- and post-graduate students whose lab work had pioneered these new applications of technology were attaining management and decision-making positions inside the computer system suppliers and among its customers.
And they wanted to continue using UNIX systems. Soon all the large vendors, and many smaller ones, were marketing their own, diverging, versions of the UNIX system optimized for their own computer architectures and boasting many different strengths and features. Customers found that, although UNIX systems were available everywhere, they seldom were able to interwork or co-exist without significant investment of time and effort to make them work effectively.
The UNIX System
Smithsonian Museums Greetings from the Smithsonian A Postcard History See how Washington, DC and Smithsonian visitors have shared their trips with others by taking a historic look at the Smithsonian through the picture postcard. Scroll to explore this topic Postcard History Postcards, as we are familiar with them today, have taken a considerable amount of time to develop. First restricted by size, color, and other regulations, postcard production blossomed in the late s and early s. Postcards were popular because they were a quick and easy way for individuals to communicate with each other.
Today deltiology, or the collection of postcards, is a popular hobby. The following is a brief general history of the postcard in the United States.
Th is system has been used for centuries and long before money was invented. People exchanged services and goods for other services and goods in return. Today, bartering has made a comeback using techniques that are more sophisticated to aid in trading; for instance, the Internet.
McDonnell Douglas was eliminated and their team was dissolved. The Concept Definition Phase of the program saw the name changed to Joint Strike Fighter, with a mandate to develop flying demonstrators for possible production. Between the CDP contract award in and the first flights in , literally thousands of meetings and technical reviews took place as the Boeing and Lockheed teams worked towards finalizing the designs for their X demonstrator aircraft and continued refining what would become their final program proposals.
During the flight, Knox put the X A through some initial airworthiness tests, including flying qualities and sub-systems checkout. On 15 November , the X A began field carrier landing practice FCLP tests to demonstrate flying and handling qualities during low-speed aircraft carrier approach. The tests were successfully concluded on 2 December. Boeing CV accomplishments included 97 approaches and 74 actual touchdowns, as well as numerous “wave-offs,” throttle transients and integrated test blocks including roll response and speed stability during the FCLP tests.
Age of the Earth
These global changes form the core evidence that supports formal recognition of the Anthropocene Crutzen, ; Steffen et al. Yet efforts to date the emergence of human use of land as a globally significant force transforming the Earth system remain incomplete and controversial Seddon et al. Resolving this major question on Anthropocene origins will require rigorous empirical assessment of the global extent and degree of direct human transformation of the terrestrial biosphere from Pleistocene to present Figure 1.
Such study must be based on the field observations of archaeologists, paleoecologists, paleoenvironmental scientists, environmental historians and other scientists concerned with long-term investigation of human-environmental interactions. Figure 1 Global timeline of human transformation of the terrestrial biosphere.
The history of dating is based on old-fashioned courtship, which itself developed in a variety of ways from the traditional arranged marriages of much of human history. To court means to woo and to woo means to seek the love of another with marriage in mind.
An Explanation of Hieroglyphics Hieroglyphs, characters in any system of writing in which symbols represent objects such as tools, animals, or boats and ideas such as motion, time, and joy. The ancient Greeks first used the term hieroglyph meaning “sacred carving” to describe decorative characters carved on Egyptian monuments. The term is now mainly used to refer to the system of writing used by the ancient Egyptians.
Archaeological discoveries suggest that Egyptian hieroglyphs may be the oldest form of writing. The earliest evidence of an Egyptian hieroglyphic system is believed to be from about or BC, and the Egyptians used hieroglyphs for the next 3, years. Only a small portion of the Egyptian population, primarily royalty, priests, and civil officials, used hieroglyphs because they were difficult to learn and time consuming to create.
TABLE OF CONTENT
History of Technology Heroes and Villains – A little light reading Here you will find a brief history of technology. Initially inspired by the development of batteries, it covers technology in general and includes some interesting little known, or long forgotten, facts as well as a few myths about the development of technology, the science behind it, the context in which it occurred and the deeds of the many personalities, eccentrics and charlatans involved.
You may find the Search Engine , the Technology Timeline or the Hall of Fame quicker if you are looking for something or somebody in particular.
History of American Parties • Six “party systems” or historical eras • Changes in the nature of the two parties – Which voters support which party – What issues each party adopts • This change called a realignment First Party System:
Please update your flag here. Heya, I thought it indeed can refer to household stuff. But I also wrote about my boyfriend being sick and how I supported him through this. Taking him to the doctor and translating for him, calling the hospital, getting his meds. Taking care of him physically. Driving when he could not. And I added the bills for his meds and doctor appointments as well. Also wrote about me having 2 jobs, cause he was not allowed to work on his visa and him doing everything else because of that.
Of course I mentioned how awesome it was to have my personal assistent The physical support I also thought of being mental support. So I linked it to how he supported me emotional in difficult times. How we deal with stress, how we share it and how we communicate.
Mar 08, Skip Burzumato Struggling to understand modern dating conventions? Maybe it’s because those before us have given us more than one dating system to draw from. Where did it come from? How did it become such an important part of our courtship system? And where are we today? According to cultural historian Beth Bailey, the word date was probably originally used as a lower-class slang word for booking an appointment with a prostitute.
Article: Dating the Anthropocene: Towards an empirical global history of human transformation of the terrestrial biosphere Human use of land is a major cause of the global environmental changes that define the Anthropocene.
Although online dating has only recently become culturally acceptable and widespread, using computers to make romantic matches has a long history. But rather than revolutionizing how people met and married, this article shows how early computerized dating systems re-inscribed conservative social norms about gender, race, class, and sexuality. It explores the mid-twentieth century origins of computer dating and matchmaking in order to argue for the importance of using sexuality as a lens of analysis in the history of computing.
Doing so makes more visible the heteronormativity that silently structures much of our technological infrastructure and helps bring other questions about gender, race, and class into the foreground. It shows that, contrary to what was previously believed, the first computerized dating system in either the US or the UK was run by a woman. The New Yorker, February 14, , cover.
By the early s, mainframes had crept into the popular consciousness through news reports and advertising.
A brief history of money: from the barter system to Bitcoin
CFG became a fully independent publicly-traded company, just over a year after the successful completion of the largest commercial bank initial public offering IPO in U. Citizens now embarks on a new and exciting chapter as we aspire to become a top-performing regional bank. In we became a wholly-owned subsidiary of the RBS Group. A Bigger Bank Serving More Communities Following our acquisition by RBS Group in , we grew rapidly, largely through a series of over 25 strategic bank acquisitions as highlighted below.
Home / News / A brief history of money: from the barter system to Bitcoin. 13 November November 13, The internet has changed the entire game for age-old systems ranging from commerce to dating, so it’s no surprise that it has caused immense disruption to the financial system .
Native Americans in the United States This map shows the approximate location of the ice-free corridor and specific Paleoindian sites Clovis theory. It is not definitively known how or when the Native Americans first settled the Americas and the present-day United States. The prevailing theory proposes that people migrated from Eurasia across Beringia , a land bridge that connected Siberia to present-day Alaska during the Ice Age , and then spread southward throughout the Americas.
The pre-Columbian era incorporates all period subdivisions in the history and prehistory of the Americas before the appearance of significant European influences on the American continents, spanning the time of the original settlement in the Upper Paleolithic period to European colonization during the early modern period. While technically referring to the era before Christopher Columbus ‘ voyages of to , in practice the term usually includes the history of American indigenous cultures until they were conquered or significantly influenced by Europeans, even if this happened decades or even centuries after Columbus’ initial landing.
Native American cultures are not normally included in characterizations of advanced stone age cultures as ” Neolithic ,” which is a category that more often includes only the cultures in Eurasia, Africa, and other regions. They divided the archaeological record in the Americas into five phases;  see Archaeology of the Americas.
The Clovis culture , a megafauna hunting culture, is primarily identified by use of fluted spear points. Artifacts from this culture were first excavated in near Clovis, New Mexico. The culture is identified by the distinctive Clovis point , a flaked flint spear-point with a notched flute, by which it was inserted into a shaft. Dating of Clovis materials has been by association with animal bones and by the use of carbon dating methods.
Recent reexaminations of Clovis materials using improved carbon-dating methods produced results of 11, and 10, radiocarbon years B. According to the oral histories of many of the indigenous peoples of the Americas, they have been living on this continent since their genesis, described by a wide range of traditional creation stories. Other tribes have stories that recount migrations across long tracts of land and a great river, believed to be the Mississippi River.